by A. P. Kiekens
Physics Leandra at physicsleandra.com
Pages with the horizontal light-yellow bar, above and below the page, meet HTML5 and CSS3 requirements on PC, tablet and smartphone.
THE BLACK DOT ALWAYS RETURNS TO THIS CONTENTS
This site is like a castle that began small and then in the course of time new halls and towers, annexes and break-throughs were build onto it, finally resulting in a castle just as beautiful as confusing - although the most impassable alleys have been straightened out now. Flames in this Contents indicate highlights of this site. There is a big story behind most of the highlights. In fact I developed a TOE, a Theory Of Everything. But since some questions remained, I call it a TONE, a Theory Of Nearly Everything.
Everything - nearly everything - is in it now. Gravitation, the structure of the vacuum, the accelerated expansion of the universe, Dark Matter and Dark Energy. All elementary particles of the Standard Model fit in the system of nuclear-colors-as-quaternion-units and every possible place in the colors-as-quaternions system is filled in with one particle of the Standard Model. There is only one fundamental particle left: the quark. The three generations.
Now TONE is a storyline, a tour through the pages you need for the TONE. A TONE page can be recognized by the following table at the top of the page. The table encompasses all pages of TONE. Every page of the storyline TONE is part of another storyline, except the
chap pages and the
end pages and the
October 2020, Mayor update in NEWTON EINSTEIN GRAVITATION page 5: GR is entirely valid in TONE. Except for light rays, light does not gravitate.
May 2023, Mayor update in QUATERNION GRAVITATION page 4 and 5: Another Higgs field has been found, consisting of spin 0 neutrinophotons. The first generation absorbs from this field to get mass. The 2nd generation absorbs from the so-called leptonic Higgs field, consisting of spin 0 photons. The 3rd generation absorbs from the spin 0 gluon pair Higgs field.
October 2023, TONE.html and TONE.pdf have been removed. Since May 2023 these two documents were no longer updated.
2 THE STORY
The story and
The story part 2 contrive an interpretation of quantum mechanics that is the basis of this site. Nice to read.
3 INFINITE LONG WAVES, EQUAL EVERYWHERE AND FOREVER THE SAME
4 ENVIRONMENT-INDUCED DECOHERENCE - updated December 2020
With the Escape of the Schrödinger Cat
5 THE EXPERIMENT
For people unfamiliar with the approach of this site, after
The Story and
The Story part 2 these
Experiments are the best introduction to the new interpretation of quantum mechanics used all over this site.
EXPERIMENT 1 - THE EPR EXPERIMENT - updated December 2020
This experiment shows clearly why my choice has fallen on a many world interpretation of quantum mechanics.
EXPERIMENT 2 - THE INVERSE SQUARE FORCE LAW - updated May 2023
The first half of this page gives the resemblances and differences of the interpretation with the Hugh Everett universe. A new interpretation of the inverse square law is suggested: The electric force is reciprocal to the number of worlds in interference.
The second half of the page There is one more peculiarity to view describes the propagation of the virtual photon when it meets and subsequently passes by an electric charge, taking into account spin.
EXPERIMENT 3 - THE HEMISPHERE SHIELD
EXPERIMENT 4 - THE EXPERIMENT
Experiment 4, an experiment that is meant to show the new interpretation is true. But it ends in a riddle. Also in the old interpretation, as far as I can see. Not a page to start with.
Backward evolving time is worked out here. The first page is more wild, the second page more classic.
1 A FILMPLAY IN REVERSED TIME DIRECTION
2 A FILMPLAY IN REVERSED TIME DIRECTION - THE CLASSICAL VIEW
3 A FILMPLAY IN REVERSED TIME DIRECTION - GRAVITATION
The mechanism of gravitation in backward-time direction. Argumentation the arrow of time is in gravity, starts from item 9 and 10 at the previous page. From item 11 the discussion picks up speed. Item 15 introduces backward-time evolving dark antimatter as a candidate causing Dark Energy.
4 THE DARK METEORITE
5 THE DIAMOND
6 CROSS ROADS
7 THE DARK VOYAGE
8 MEETING BETWEEN A BRIGHT AND A DARK PERSON
1 A FILMPLAY IN REVERSED TIME DIRECTION - GRAVITATION
2 THE STORY
3 CHANGING THE PAST
4 PASSING BY A COUPLING
5 THE PAST CAN BE CHANGED
Your past, your present and your future fit to each other. The present is. If you succeed to change your future destiny you will have changed your past too.
6 LOGICALLY CONTRADICTING PARTS ARE ALLOWED
7 MEETING THE ALIEN
When you imagine an alien as real as can be, will the arisen perception - if existable - go in superposition with the real thing? Prepare to meet the alien.
8 ONE NANOROBOT IN EACH BRAIN CELL
When this comes to existence, the world has just begun. A view on the future of humanity.
I worked for decades on the electric force that is left over when an equal number of positive and negative electric charges is assembled to a convenient mix. The mix is a stable configuration. The force that is left over, is weaker than the electric force and is always attracting. I thought I found the origin of gravitation. This storyline is a remembrance to my younger years and a tribute to my efforts.
1 ELECTRICALLY NEUTRAL MULTIPOLES
2 ACCELERATION OF A LIGHTER PARTICLE
3 ALL POSSIBLE LAWS OF ATTRACTION/REPULSION - updated March 2022
Starting out as a previous attemtpt (pages 1, 2 and 3), it ends with an actual page (4).
1 THE STORY
2 WORLDS IN SUPERPOSITION - updated March 2022
3 THE ELECTRIC CHARGES OF THE VACUUM
One of the first results for QED that the new interpretation of quantum mechanics made clear, was that the virtual electric charges of the vacuum do not see each other. This was not new in physics, but it was new to me.
4 THE ELECTRIC CHARGES OF THE VACUUM - PART TWO
5 THE ELECTRON-POSITRON PHOTON HIGGS FIELD - updated November 2023
There is no remnant force between the virtual particles in QED. The search for that is terminated. Instead at this page is proposed a foundation under the Higgs field prof. G. 't Hooft et al. so desperately needs in their renormalization theories. The photon is composed of an electron and a positron massless coinciding. The leptonic vacuum - the second Higgs field - is a Bose condensate of spin 0 photons, yielding its own act of gravitation. Photons can be emitted in pairs. The net color of the photon is zero.
The search for a netforce is a
1 ELECTRICALLY NEUTRAL MULTIPOLES
2 THE ELECTRIC CHARGES OF THE VACUUM
3 NET FORCE - updated March 2022
4 NET FORCES, QCD, GRAVITATION - updated November 2023
In this storyline colors are replaced by quaternion units.
1 COLORS AS QUATERNIONS - updated August 2023
2 IN THE FEYNMAN DIAGRAM
3 THREE COLORS APPLIED TOGETHER - updated November 2023
Color product end states are always colorless +1 (white) or -1 (black). Color sum end states superpose to zero. Colors of merging particles multiply. Multiplication order is interpreted as time order of occurrence. Color of compositions, its components not merging, sum up.
4 THE CPT THEOREM - updated November 2023
5 SPECULATIVE THOUGHTS ABOUT RELATIVITY - updated August 2023
6 QUATERNION APPLICATIONS
7 QUATERNION APPLICATIONS - PART 2
8 QUATERNION APPLICATIONS - PART 3
9 QUATERNION MATRICES
Quaternions are replaced by 2x2 matrices. The product of 2 Pauli matrices always yields a quaternion unit, all quaternion units, except for -1.
Mind colorshift is abandoned now
1 COLOR CHARGES
2 THE COLORSHIFT OF GLUONS
3 TWO GLUONS EMITTED SIMULTANEOUSLY
Partially in color-shift, a previous attempt. In the last paragraph is the free mesonic gluon, the black glueball, as a candidate for Dark Matter.
4 THE STRONG NUCLEAR FORCE 1
5 FOUR QUARKS IN THE SHELL - updated August 2023
When particles absorb mass from the Higgs field and antiparticles emit to the Higgs field, a gluon can consist of two quarks, massless coinciding. Colored spin 1 gluons can originate from 4 quarks within their time borders. Colored gluons appear in pairs. The typical strong force reaction time is estimated to be about 0.5 * 10^-24 s.
6 THE STRONG NUCLEAR FORCE 2
Bound states of gluons. Three gluons merge easier than two.
8 COLOR CONFINEMENT
The new interpretation of quantum mechanics yields an explanation for color confinement. But the new law that is used to get it seems not appropriate here. Did I put the right puzzle pieces in the wrong way?
9 PREVIOUS ATTEMPTS IN COLORSHIFT - updated November 2023
1 EXPERIMENTS ON APPROACHING MASSES
2 HERE I AM not yet available
3 THE FREE FALLING SYSTEM
4 THE FREE FALLING SYSTEM - PART 2
A theory of gravitation. The vacuum with a gravitational field is proposed as a streaming liquid that drags along with it all matter floating in it. This dragging is the force of gravity.
2 EXPERIMENTS ON APPROACHING MASSES
3 THE HIGGS FIELD - PART 1
The vacuum is proposed as a bose condensate of vacuum marbles. A tiny amount of space disappears along with mass absorption from the Higgs field. Subsequent rearranging of vacuum marbles always returns to flat Minkowski space. The Newton law of gravitation follows directly (except for the constant).
4 THE HIGGS FIELD - PART 2 - updated August 2023
A velocity can be put in a box. This concludes the derivation of the Newton law of gravitation.
5 THE HIGGS FIELD AND GENERAL RELATIVITY - updated Oktober 2023
GR is entirely valid in TONE. Except for light rays, light does not gravitate. Rearranging of vacuum marbles always returns to flat Minkowski space: the GR equations are right, but the background grid of QM is flat.
6 THE HIGGS FIELD - PART 4
7 THE BIG BANG - updated August 2021
8 THE ELEMENTS OF THE WAVEFUNCTION
Every wavefunction consists of an infinite set of elements. A coupling is presented as a different, indistinguishable choice out of the same sets of elements. But a supply from the Higgs field is needed. A previous attempt.
The structure of the vacuum.
1 THE HIGGS FIELD - PART 1
2 COLORED VACUUM MARBLES AS QUATERNIONS - updated November 2023
The vacuum marbles are filled in with colored gluon pairs, spin 0 photons and spin 0 neutrinophotons. The vacuum consists of color pairs ( i -i ), ( j -j ), ( k -k ), ( 1 1 ). Backward time evolving vacuum consists of ( i -i ), ( j -j ), ( k -k ), ( -1 -1 ). The essence of time is in the hadronic vacuum. Introduction of the dark multiplication rules.
3 THE HIGGS MECHANISM - updated November 2023
The hadronic Higgs field spans spacetime. Minus Sign Go Wild as previous attempt. The gluon-gluon reaction: how two lightspeed particles can react with each other. Two gluons of opposite sign seem not to react. If you have two Pauli matrices in multiplication, then changing multiplication order is the same as changing multiplication rules (from bright to dark, or from dark to bright).
4 LEPTONS AS HADRONS - updated November 2023
When the colors of the quarks in the hadrons are i, j and k, then there should be white and black quarks too, quarks with color 1 and -1 (quaternion +1 and -1). This page identifies the white quark with the positron and the black quark with the electron. A new boson, the neutrinophoton, does not exist as radiation but only as vacuum field: that's the Higgs field we absorb our mass from. The color of the W particle, the color of the neutrino and the color of the neutrinophoton. Filling in the vacuum marbles with spin 0 photons and with neutrinophotons leads to the 2nd and 1st Higgs field respectively. Mind the absorbed particles are not coupled with.
5 THREE HIGGS FIELDS - updated November 2023
The 1rst generation absorbs mass from the 1rst Higgs field, the 2nd generation from the 2nd Higgs field and the 3rd generation from the 3rd Higgs field. All particles of the Standard Model have internal color, everything couples to everything by the strong force (couple, not glue). Examining the Standard Model reveals there is found no objecting reaction/coupling, and thus no objection, to this view.
6 VACUUM STABILITY - updated August 2021
7 MISCELLANEOUS - updated November 2023
8 PREVIOUS ATTEMPTS - updated August 2021
Backward time evolving gravity in dark antimatter galaxies cause the accelerated expansion of the universe.
1 A FILMPLAY IN REVERSED TIME DIRECTION - GRAVITATION
2 DARK MECHANICS - updated October 2023
A first effort to formulate the laws of dark mechanics, ruling backward time evolving matter. Backward time evolving matter as candidate for the DARK ENERGY. Black glueballs as candidate for DARK MATTER - in quaternions only.
3 WHO DID IT?
A huge matter-antimatter explosion is candidate for the BIG BANG. A small excess of antimatter over matter is also candidate for the observed ACCELERATED EXPANSION of the universe.
4 THE BIG BANG - updated August 2021
5 THE BARYON NUMBER AND LEPTON NUMBER OF A BLACK HOLE
6 OLBERS PARADOX SOLVED - updated December 2022
When taking into account the speed of light is finite and the lifespan of stars is finite, the paradox is solved. When one regards the light of stars as a photon bath the paradox is solved again.
The past is fixed and your destiny is set. But seldom is realised every event that had ever happened is still happening and every event that will ever happen is already happening, somewhere along the 4th dimension.
1 THE OBSERVER
5 NO PAST. NO FUTURE.
6 THE ESSENCE OF TIME
8 DERIVING SR FROM QM - updated April 2022
9 INFINITE LONG WAVES, EQUAL EVERYWHERE AND FOREVER THE SAME
10 THE DIMENSIONS OF THE PHOTON
11 CHANGING THE LINKS BETWEEN LOCAL ENVIRONMENTS
12 QUATERNIONS IN SR AND THE THEOREM OF PYTHAGORAS
1 DIMENSIONS BY CONSTRUCTION - updated February 2022
2 MISSING VACUUMS, MISSING DIMENSIONS - updated November 2020
3 THE DIMENSIONS OF THE PHOTON
4 INDISTINGUISHABLE VACUUMS
If a) more-dimensional spaces, b) highly curved spaces and c) expanding spaces yield identical observations of the matter they contain, then those spaces are indistinguishable and will go in superposition.
5 WHAT IS A COUPLING?
1 MEETING THE ALIEN
2 TIME TRAVEL INCONSISTENCIES
THE FIELD OF ALL POSSIBLE VELOCITIES
THE FIELD OF ALL POSSIBLE FREQUENCIES
THE RADIUS OF THE HIGGS BOSON
ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND THEIR COUPLINGS ( .png )
LEARN TO WORK WITH QUATERNIONS ( .xls )
BARYON COLLISION ( .xls )
QUATERNION UNITS AS PAULI MATRICES
TABLE GLUONS AS QUATERNIONS
LONG TERM UNFINISHED AND REVISE - updated November 2023
One can report incorrect representations. Push the Prt Scr button on your keyboard and do CTRL-V in a program like Paint or Word. Save the picture and send it to me.
1 CAN AN INFINITE AMOUNT OF INFORMATION BE STORED IN ONE SINGLE FINIT NUMBER?
In earlier times FRITS JONKER wrote this inspiring piece on data-compression by prime numbers (despite its quite low base on math). In remembrance to Jan Sloot, who invented a compression technique, kept it a secret and then died, there is a last secret page at the end of the series. There is a hidden number giving access to an empty page. Select the page and read.
2 THE SURFACE OF THE SPHERE
The surface of the sphere derived in simple steps only. Geometry as it is meant to be.
3 WHY THE FOUR DIMENSIONAL SPACE IS THE MOST BEAUTIFUL OF ALL SPACES: QUATERNIONS
A nice acquaintance with quaternions, a compelling story by Vincent van der Noort.
Pop-up frame with the most basic quaternion calculation rules.
1 SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST COMBINATION
The general theorem of evolution, struggle for live and survival of the fittest, has a general extension, leading to an ecology.
2 SOME REMARKS ABOUT EVOLUTION
3 A STRANGE PHENOMENON
4 AN ALGORITHM FOR COPYING A BRAIN PART
When nanogrids can enter a brain cell without disturbing its function, we cross a threshold. A view on the future of humanity.
1 A BRAIN PART COPYING PROCEDURE
2 THE MEMORY AND NEW ORGANS
3 THE BRAIN OF YOUR PARTNER AND MONEY
4 YOUR GROUP
5 CRIME AND DEFENSE
6 WHEN THE NANOROBOT SIMULATES THE CELL IT IS IN & OPEN END AXONS
7 CONSCIOUSNESS AND NEW SPECIES - updated May 2022
Electricity conducting magnetic dust forms a floating circle, a floating ring. The magnetic field of a current running through the circle is used to push ions to one side of the stalk.
1 IONS PUSHED TO ONE SIDE OF THE STALK
2 A BOL AS CIRCLECURRENT
3 BOL'S IN VERTICAL MOTION - THE LORENTZ FORCE- updated Januari 2023
4 BOL'S IN VERTICAL MOTION - PART 2- updated Januari 2023
5 THE SUPERBOL AND ALTERNATING CURRENTS
6 HORIZONTAL MOTION
7 EXPERIMENTS- updated Januari 2023
8 THE EARTHCURRENT- updated Januari 2023
9 THE EARTHCURRENT - PART 2- updated February 2023
10 MAGNETIC DUST
11 BOL'S OF MAGNETIC DUST
12 THE FRACTAL BOL
13 MAGNETIC DUST SUCKED IN AND SPRAYED OUT
14 THE END- updated February 2023
15 UPDATE- updated February 2023
Spread over this site there are few other remarks on biology.
There is one about life in page 6 of FORWARD BACKWARD TIME DIRECTION.
1 SOME HISTORY ABOUT FRIENDS IN PHYSICS
3 MY PAINTINGS, PAGE ONE TWO THREE
A row of pages is called a storyline. In this contents the names of the storylines are in bold green.
Buttons of one storyline (above each page) have same color and navigate along that line.
A page where two rows of buttons appear is an intersection point of those two storylines.
Intersection points have blue chapter numbers in the Leandra Physics Contents.