CROPCIRCLES BY ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS
An exercise in electromagnetism
1. IONS PUSHED TO ONE SIDE OF THE STALK 2. A BOL AS CIRCLECURRENT 3. BOL’S IN VERTICAL MOTION  THE LORENTZ FORCE 4. BOL’S IN VERTICAL MOTION  PART 2 5. THE SUPERBOL AND ALTERNATING CURRENTS 6. HORIZONTAL MOTION 7. EXPERIMENTS 8. THE EARTHCURRENT 9. THE EARTHCURRENT  PART 2 10. MAGNETIC DUST 11. BOL’s OF MAGNETIC DUST 12. THE FRACTAL BOL 13. MAGNETIC DUST SUCKED IN AND SPRAYED OUT 14. THE END UPDATE Suppose the BoL exists of two equal circlecurrents, one above the other, but not touching anywhere. Fig. 5.1 The Lorentz force will make both recurrent to attract each other. We suppose the currents are free floating in the air (a proposal how such a system can be made stable will be given later), and so they will approach each other until they finally merge into one circlecurrent of double strength. Therefore, that is not of many help. Nevertheless, let us see what happens when we reverse the direction of the newly added second circlecurrent.Fig. 5.2 The Lorentz force will now make them repel each other (at least keep them separate). Normally one expects the two circlecurrents to depart and to form two different BoL’s. But let us first look at the magnetic field of this SuperBoL, as we call from now on such a configuration of two opposite circlecurrents above each other.Fig. 5.3 The currents are of equal strength but opposite direction and would they merge they would cancel each other out to zero strength of current. And so would their magnetic fields. When the circlecurrents keep separated a small distance as shown in fig. 5.2, the circlecurrents will both keep existing. Their magnetic fields everywhere will nearly cancel each other out, except for the horizontal plane precisely between the two currents, where the magnetic fields add up to one field of nearly double strength. There exists a strong radial horizontal magnetic field and everywhere else nearly no field. This is just what we need.Mind the “Ordinary BoL” (from now on that is what we call a BoL with only one constant direct circlecurrent) has the disadvantage that the upper half counteracts the lower half, on its way up or down. Therefore, in case of vertical motion, only just above the ground a net force exists. (Horizontal motion is for the next page to be treated.) The Ordinary BoL therefore, as to speak, is especially designated for making flat pictures on the ground, where the stalk is not bent except just above the ground. (To be more precise: there are other possibilities. Suppose the BoL is 1 feet above the soil between the crop and is below threshold velocity. At that moment it suddenly speeds upward passing threshold velocity. The part of the crop below the circlecurrent at the moment of launching will experience the influence of the lower half of the BoL only. There is a net force to be expected then. The part of the crop above the circlecurrent experiences first the influence of the upper half of the BoL followed by the influence of the lower half, which influences cancel each other out. No forces to expect there, except for the heat caused by the to and fro shaking of the ions in the stalk there. A similar effect occurs at the moment of sudden slowdown below threshold velocity. In order to make things not too complicated we don’t regard these possibilities here any further.) The SuperBoL doesn’t have that disadvantage. The solely active horizontal plane of the SuperBoL is completely independent of position. Its activity is depending on its speed and magnetic field strength. So the SuperBoL therefore is assigned to make threedimensional shapes. A SuperBoL would be useful, but how to keep the two repelling circlecurrent together? Maybe try to superimpose an identical alternating current to each of the circlecurrents. I mean in such a way that if the direct currents were absent, the remaining alternating currents would have the same strength, phase and direction at any two points of the circlecurrents that lie directly above each other. What drives the circlecurrent, drives this alternating current too; it will be discussed later. Fig. 5.4 Two equal currents above one another attract each other. The alternating currents are changing all the time but at any moment they are equal. And so any pair of such points as shown in fig 5.4 would attract each other. This attraction counteracts the mutual repulsion of the direct currents and if they match the circlecurrents will not recede nor approach each other but keep constant distance. But I can’t judge in how far this is stable. I just don’t have the necessary skills.We need the alternating current to make the SuperBoL cohere. Without it it would decay. I don’t know what currents are possible, but for the moment it is maybe better to make sure that the maximum of the alternating part doesn’t exceed the constant strength of the direct part. Then a circlecurrent will always run in the same direction and only becoming stronger and weaker in counterphase with the other circlecurrent. When one circlecurrent is at its maximum the other is at its minimum and so will be their respective magnetic fields. Fig. 5.5
Mark that when one interchanges the two circlecurrents the magnetic field in the horizontal plane between them is inward then. What is the resulting magnetic field? Take as plane of analysis again a horizontal plane just under (or above) the two circlecurrents. The magnetic field (horizontal component only) is a succession of 1, 2, 3 and 4: 1)then 2)plusis something like , 3)again, then 4)plusis something like and then the sequence starts over with 1), and so on. So this is the SuperBoL: essentially a strong horizontal magnetic field that fluctuate in strength with the frequency of the alternating current, combined with the three dimensional magnetic field of an Ordinary Bol. These alternating currents with their accompanying magnetic fields will certainly emit electromagnetic radiation. Amongst others, microwave radiation? The strong horizontal magnetic field of the SuperBoL, not counteracted by other parts of the field, can freely reach the nodes in the stalks. Can the BLT do with this BoL? The circlecurrent of the Ordinary BoL is thought to be primed by induction from the earthstream  this all yet to be treated. If the SuperBoL is primed by the same mechanism then an unanswered question remains how any induction can make the upper circlecurrent to go in this direction and the lower circlecurrent in the opposite direction... In the next page we try to treat, try to say something about, horizontal motion of the BoL. There the vertical magnetic field component becomes important. Influences are more difficult to estimate at horizontal motion. By example, we have to consider what happens when a BoL on its path suddenly slows down below the threshold velocity (necessary for a growpulse to occur), moves a bit further and then strongly speeds up again. Should computer simulation be no luxury at this page, at the next it is compelled more than ever... but we don’t have. NEXT PAGE Up CONTACT 
