CROPCIRCLES BY ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS
An exercise in electromagnetism
1. IONS PUSHED TO ONE SIDE OF THE STALK
2. A BOL AS CIRCLECURRENT
3. BOL’S IN VERTICAL MOTION - THE LORENTZ FORCE
4. BOL’S IN VERTICAL MOTION - PART 2
5. THE SUPERBOL AND ALTERNATING CURRENTS
6. HORIZONTAL MOTION
8. THE EARTHCURRENT
9. THE EARTHCURRENT - PART 2
10. MAGNETIC DUST
11. BOL’s OF MAGNETIC DUST
12. THE FRACTAL BOL
13. MAGNETIC DUST SUCKED IN AND SPRAYED OUT
14. THE END
Take for analysis a plane at the same distance above the circlecurrent. Then the picture of the magnetic field (horizontal component only) has precisely the same deep blue arrows except for that the arrows now all point outward. The BoL moves upward. The law of the Lorentz-force then gives:
Let’s have a closer look at the first 2 inches above the soil when there appears and subsequently rises a BoL, see fig. 4.2.
B. Then all of a sudden it shoots up to the sky. Now its magnetic field does do something. Depicted here is when the BoL has raised about 2 inches (5 cm) above the ground. The circlecurrent now is 2 inches above the ground. In the first 2 inches above the soil horizontal field component is found directly below the circlecurrent, but is nearly absent everywhere else just above the soil.
In the lowest 2 inches of the stalks above the ground first works the lowest 2 inches of the upper half of the BoL. Thereafter works the most upper 2 inches of the lower half of the BoL, on the lowest 2 inches of the stalks. Provided the magnetic field strength and the velocity remained the same in these first 4 inches of rising, the forces there cancel each other out precisely. So in the lowest 2 inches of the stalks above the soil, no net ion separation is achieved, when the BoL rises from the soil up to 4 inches. And thus no bending as effect of this, yet.
C and D. The BoL rises higher. The part of the magnetic field below 2 inches under the circlecurrent works on the lowest 2 inches of the stalks without opposition from the corresponding part of the upper half of the BoL. The upper half above 2 inches above the circlecurrent will never have reached the lowest part of the stalks. This conveys a push to the ions there to one side of the stalks without opposition from forces on a later time. Finally the stalk experiences a net asymmetric growpuls at the lowest part of the stalk only. Precisely what we need to make a tidy, neat cropcircle.
Regarding the lowest 2 inches of stalk, when shifting from B to C to D the circle where the magnetic field is entirely horizontal (inducing maximum force) shifts to the outside (the circle becomes larger). At the same time the magnetic field line density there becomes lower, indicating weaker force. When the induced ion concentration drops below the threshold, no grow will start. The lay of the crop ends there, leaving the rest of the crop field unchanged.
A similar picture holds for a descending BoL, coming in from above the crop and heading for the soil. Ion after ion in the stalks experience first the influence of the lower half of the BoL’s magnetic field and then the influence of the upper part, canceling each other out. The heat involved with such a to-and-fro shaking just builds up. Soon the lower half of the magnetic field reaches the last 5 cm above the ground exerting a push on the ions to one side of the stalk there. But just before the effective part of the upper half of the BoL is going to undo this, the circlecurrent hits the ground and end its life there and the magnetic field ceases to exist. Leaving the mentioned push in the last 2 inches unchanged by opposition.
So we found a way to make a cropcircle, then found a serious flaw but finally solved it to end with precisely the result we want. That’s really nice but the way was so squirmy that I wonder how much meanderings I still have overlooked.
E.g. The bending at the nodes. In case of a rising BoL, each node is passed by the upper half of the BoL and subsequently by its lower half. These cancel each other out, leaving no net concentration of ions anywhere. The heat of the passage causes nodes to blow and/or bending at the nodes, all at the same side of the stalks, leaving a neatly downed crop circle. In case the part just above the soil wouldn't work (e.g. because BoL speed is below threshold velocity) one would obtain upright stalks from the soil to the first node and there, half a meter above the ground, a neatly downed crop pattern would appear.
Another example. In the center of the circlecurrent the magnetic field is strong (high field line density) but it is mainly vertical field component and nearly no horizontal component. So when the BoL shoots upward the central part might get too little force and maybe is not downed. Depending on the size of the standing central part one speaks of ”a cropcircle with a central tuft” or of ”a cropcircle in the shape of a ring”.
I strongly recommend a computer simulation program of ions in stalks embedded in the BoL’s magnetic field, thus incorporating all occurring meanderings automatically. Or computations with formula’s, but that is more difficult. Anyway, both ways go beyond my capabilities and I don’t think I will ever do that alone.
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