|NEWTON EINSTEIN KIEKENS GRAVITATION|
The Higgs field - Part 1
In this page and pages 4 and 5 of the NEKG storyline the vacuum is proposed as a liquid Bose condensate of vacuum marbles. If at every color reaction a tiny amount of space (a marble) disappears out of the vacuum, then the Newton law of gravitation follows directly, except for the constant. The absorption of that marble is the mass absorption from the Higgs field. And if “a velocity can be put in a box” also the dynamics F = ma takes shape, this is treated at page 4 of the NEKG storyline.
The Newton constant measures the relative distance of the vacuum marbles, calculated to be about 10^-21 m in the pop-up frame radius of the Higgs boson - although this calculation is a little pre-empting on page 2 of QG, read the introduction of that page.
The GR equations are right, but the curvature is an optical illusion. Rearranging of vacuum marbles always returns to flat Minkowski space. Is this a candidate for the observed ZERO OVERALL CURVATURE of space?
The Higgs field
The Higgs field, the field all massive particles absorb its mass from, pervades all of space. It is tempting to identify vacuum with the Higgs field. I want to propose the vacuum as an ocean of solid marbles. No, I want to propose the Higgs field as an ocean of solid marbles. Static, standing-still marbles, stacked upon each other as the marbles of a child in a box. Or as the molecules in a fluid. No, to begin with we better start as the atoms in a Na-Cl grid (cubes). Or like a box from top to bottom neatly stacked with oranges (tetrahedrons). No open spaces large enough to fit another marble; no overlap. Constant total volume of all the marbles together. Letís take the vacuum marbles to be the particles making up the Higgs field.
When at motion with respect to such a marble field, because of the Lorentz contraction the field will become denser. To be Lorentz invariant like the vacuum is, the field has to be the superposition of the Higgs fields of every possible velocity, the superposition of all “oceans of solid marbles” that only differ a velocity, pervading each other without seeing each other. The solid marble oceans pervade the Earth too. In fact all of Earth, i.g. all matter, is just another superposition to the fields. It is very much like the field of all possible velocities.
This field of all possible velocities opens the possibility that velocity with respect to the vacuum is impossible. Then every particle that has mass is standing still with respect to the vacuum it couples to, the Higgs field from which it absorbs its mass. Particles that have a velocity with respect to us, couple to a different velocity field, a different Higgs field, and with respect to that field they stand still. Coupling to standing-still field, absorbing from standing-still field, takes least energy and is most abundant. The proposition from page 1 of the NEKG storyline that velocity with respect to the vacuum (no additional kinetic energy) is possible, can be dropped. This fits in well with the view of the vacuum as an ocean of marbles wherein the particle is standing still with respect to the marbles of the ocean.
Then, at a coupling, one of the particles of the Earth absorbs a Higgs particle (what we call here a Higgs particle), necessary in the course of renormalization. The particle absorbs the Higgs particle from the Higgs field relative to which it is standing still, this is essential for the following picture. The marble of that Higgs particle disappears, leaving an empty spot there. ”Pressure from the outside” forces the marbles around to fill in the empty spot, to ”fall into it”. The particle next to the new hole falls into it, leaving behind another hole, and so on. Effectively the volume of the empty spot displaces spherically to the outside, without changing volume dividing itself over an area that increases with the square of the distance to the absorbing spot. The empty spot, originally spherical, now forms a shell of missing vacuum. The volume of the shell is its surface times its thickness.
In fact the vacuum marble field sags spherically into the hole of the disappeared Higgs particle. The vacuum marbles never overlap and seek being stacked upon each other again, no space to fit another marble. The displacement of a shell of vacuum marbles onto an already sagged shell just below is inversely proportional to the surface of that shell, is inversely proportional to the square of the distance to the absorbing spot.
Now we yet only have to state that the displacing Higgs field drags along with it all masses that are ”floating” in it. The dragging is 100 percent. The masses are considered to stand still with respect to the displacing vacuum marble field and keep it like that (at least for the moment - more about this at next page of the NEKG storyline). This is gravity, the gravitational field in action. The Higgs field is the gravitational field.
According to the Newton gravitational law the gravitational force is inversely proportional to the square of the distance to the gravitational center. As shown, the Higgs field displacement is inversely proportional to the square of the distance to the vacuum marble absorbing spot. At any place in the field a force is proportional to the displacement caused by the force:
F = ma, s = 1/2 a t, so at any point at one moment t is F a s.
(F = force, m = mass, a = acceleration, s = displacement, t = time, t = t square, F s means F is proportional to s).
When mass is doubled then there are twice as much baryons present in the mass, and so the number of couplings per second in the mass is doubled too. The disappearance of Higgs particles doubles and the rate of sagging in of spheres into the hole left behind doubles too. The displacement doubles. So vacuum displacement of the gravitational field is proportional to the mass causing the gravitational field.
It doesnít really have to be marbles; the main point is conserved fluid space. Some volume of space inside matter disappears when Higgs field is absorbed. But all further events act as if space is conserved. The disappeared space - the hole - is filled in with the space around it without any further appearing or disappearing of space.
In further pages we actually do treat the vacuum as consisting of marbles. In fact we are going to fill in the marbles at the next page, if you follow the QUATERNION GRAVITATION storyline.
If this is a law then expansion of the universe might be the appearance of new Higgs particles, of new field. This is worked out in quite a different storyline, EXPANSION OF THE UNIVERSE, especially at page 2. But to understand page 2 it is recommended to read page 1 first. That page treats backward time evolving matter and backward time evolving vacuum and the backward time version of the gravitational picture sketched at this page. In that backward time version of gravity vacuum marbles are emitted to the Higgs field.
The presented view accounts for
1) The fact that all masses at the same time and place in the gravitational field undergo same acceleration.
2) The inversely squared proportionality of the rate of displacement with the distance and the proportionality with the masses.
3) The proportionality of the inert mass (resistance to change of velocity and the E = mc source of energy) with the ponderable mass (mass that causes the gravitational field). When there are 2 times more nucleons, then there are 2 times as much vacuum marble absorptions.
4) The reason WHY the gravitational field shrinks toward the gravitational center.
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The Higgs field is assumed to be a liquid Bose condensate. Fluid Bose condensates resemble superfluids. Superfluids can stream through each other as if they donít see each other, as if they are vacuums. As if they are superpositions to each other?