by A. P. Kiekens
Physics Leandra at
Reconstruction works in order to meet HTML5 and CSS3 requirements on PC, tablet and smartphone have been completed for most pages. Most adapted pages are recognizable by the horizontal light-yellow bar above and below the page - May 2022.
THE BLACK DOT ALWAYS RETURNS TO THIS CONTENTS
FLAMES INDICATE A HIGHLIGHT OF THIS SITE
This site is like a castle that began small and then in the course of time new halls and towers, annexes and break-throughs were build onto it, finally resulting in a castle just as beautiful as confusing - although the most impassable alleys have been straightened out in 2021 and 2022. TONE is a tour through most of the physics highlights of this site. There is a big story behind those highlights. In fact I developed a TOE, a Theory Of Everything. But since some questions remained, I call it a TONE, a Theory Of Nearly Everything.
This is the text I offer to magazines and physicist.
This is the same text as tone.pdf.
Both TONE.html and TONE.pdf are provided with links to the original texts of this website.
October 2020, Mayor update in TONE: GR entirely valid in TONE. Except for light rays, light does not gravitate. Read paragraph
1.3 General Relativity in TONE.
November 2020, another update in TONE: some remarks about SU(2), Pauli matrices and quaternions. Read paragraph 3.4 Quaternion Units as Product of Pauli Matrices, just below (3.4.8)
2 THE STORY
The story and
The story part 2 contrive an interpretation of quantum mechanics that is the basis of this site. Nice to read.
3 INFINITE LONG WAVES, EQUAL EVERYWHERE AND FOREVER THE SAME
4 ENVIRONMENT-INDUCED DECOHERENCE - updated December 2020
With the Escape of the Schrödinger Cat
5 THE EXPERIMENT
For people unfamiliar with the approach of this site, after
The Story and
The Story part 2 these
Experiments are the best introduction to the new interpretation of quantum mechanics used all over this site.
EXPERIMENT 1 - THE EPR EXPERIMENT- updated December 2020
This experiment shows clearly why my choice has fallen on a many world interpretation of quantum mechanics.
EXPERIMENT 2 - THE INVERSE SQUARE FORCE LAW
The first half of this page gives the resemblances and differences of the interpretation with the Hugh Everett universe. A new interpretation of the inverse square law is suggested: The electric force is reciprocal to the number of worlds in interference.
The second half of the page (starting from
There is one more peculiarity to view) describes the propagation of the virtual photon when it meets and subsequently passes by an electric charge, taking into account spin. Not mentioned in TONE.
EXPERIMENT 3 - THE HEMISPHERE SHIELD
EXPERIMENT 4 - THE EXPERIMENT
Experiment 4, an experiment that is meant to show the new interpretation is true. But it ends in a riddle. Also in the old interpretation, as far as I can see. Not a page to start with.
Backward evolving time is worked out here. The first page is too wild, the second too classic.
1 A FILMPLAY IN REVERSED TIME DIRECTION
2 A FILMPLAY IN REVERSED TIME DIRECTION - THE CLASSICAL VIEW
3 A FILMPLAY IN REVERSED TIME DIRECTION - GRAVITATION
The mechanism of gravitation in backward-time direction. Argue the arrow of time is in gravity, starts from item 9 and 10. From item 11 the discussion picks up speed. Item 15 introduces backward-time evolving dark antimatter as a candidate causing Dark Energy.
4 THE DARK METEORITE
5 THE DIAMOND
6 CROSS ROADS
7 THE DARK VOYAGE
8 MEETING BETWEEN A BRIGHT AND A DARK PERSON
1 A FILMPLAY IN REVERSED TIME DIRECTION - GRAVITATION
2 THE STORY
3 CHANGING THE PAST
4 PASSING BY A COUPLING
5 THE PAST CAN BE CHANGED
Your past, your present and your future fit to each other. The present is. If you succeed to change your future destiny you will have changed your past too.
6 LOGICALLY CONTRADICTING PARTS ARE ALLOWED
7 MEETING THE ALIEN
When you imagine an alien as real as can be, will the arisen perception - if existable - go in superposition with the real thing? Prepare to meet the alien.
8 ONE NANOROBOT IN EACH BRAIN CELL
When this comes to existence, the world has just begun. A view on the future of humanity.
I worked for decades on the electric force that is left over when an equal number of positive and negative electric charges is assembled to a convenient mix. The mix is a stable configuration. The force that is left over, is weaker than the electric force and is always attracting. I thought I found the origin of gravitation. This storyline is a remembrance to my younger years and a tribute to my efforts.
1 ELECTRICALLY NEUTRAL MULTIPOLES
2 ACCELERATION OF A LIGHTER PARTICLE
3 ALL POSSIBLE LAWS OF ATTRACTION/REPULSION - updated March 2022
Starting out as a previous attemtpt (pages 1, 2 and 3), it ends with an actual page (4).
1 THE STORY
2 WORLDS IN SUPERPOSITION - updated March 2022
3 THE ELECTRIC CHARGES OF THE VACUUM
One of the first results for QED that the new interpretation of quantum mechanics made clear, was the virtual electric charges of the vacuum do not see each other. This was not new in physics, but it was new to me.
4 THE ELECTRIC CHARGES OF THE VACUUM - PART TWO
5 THE ELECTRON-POSITRON PHOTON HIGGS FIELD
There is no remnant force between the virtual particles in QED. The search is terminated. Instead at this page is proposed a foundation on the Higgs field that prof. G. 't Hooft et al. so desperately needs in their renormalization theories. The photon is composed of an electron and a positron massless coinciding. The lepton vacuum is a Bose condensate of photons, yielding its own kind of gravitational field. Photons can be emitted in pairs.
The search for a netforce is in fact a
1 ELECTRICALLY NEUTRAL MULTIPOLES
2 THE ELECTRIC CHARGES OF THE VACUUM
3 NET FORCE - updated March 2022
4 NET FORCES, QCD, GRAVITATION - updated April 2022
A recipe for a better QCD and a primitive attempt to a color net force.
In this storyline colors are replaced by quaternions.
1 COLORS AS QUATERNIONS
2 IN THE FEYNMAN DIAGRAM
3 THREE COLORS APPLIED TOGETHER
The color product end state of red, green and blue, and also of cyan, magenta and yellow, equals +1 (white) or -1 (black), both are colorless states. The color sum end state of red, green and blue, and also of cyan, magenta and yellow, equals zero. Multiplication order is not to be interpreted as time order of occurrence. Quarks with color i and j can swap color but one of the colors changes sign. Glu3ons are massive and have range. Is this mechanism candidate for the next generation?
4 THE CPT THEOREM
6 QUATERNION APPLICATIONS
7 QUATERNION APPLICATIONS - PART 2
8 QUATERNION APPLICATIONS - PART 3
9 QUATERNION MATRICES AND THE MAPPING ON SU(3)
In this page quaternions are replaced by 2x2 matrices. It turns out the product of 2 Pauli matrices always yields a quaternion unit. Dark multiplication rules.
Mind colorshift is abandoned now
1 COLOR CHARGES
2 THE COLORSHIFT OF GLUONS
3 TWO GLUONS EMITTED SIMULTANEOUSLY
Eight independent gluons reduced to six independent fields by means of the so-called color-shift. The last paragraph treats mesons and introduces colorshift 1/6. But the colorshift approach is abandoned, colors are replaced by quaternions now. In quaternions black glueballs are a candidate for dark matter.
4 THE STRONG NUCLEAR FORCE 1
5 FOUR QUARKS IN THE SHELL
When particles absorb mass from the Higgs field and antiparticles emit to the Higgs field, a gluon can consist of two quarks, massless coinciding. The vacuum can be made of spin 0 gluons directly. Colored spin 1 gluons can originate from 4 quarks all within their time borders. Colored gluons appear in pairs. The typical strong force reaction time is calculated to be about 0.5 * 10^-24 s. Gluon-gluon coupling times are unimportant, they take no time at all from our spacetime. Color follows closed paths.
6 THE STRONG NUCLEAR FORCE 2
Bound states of gluons. Three gluons merge easier than two.
8 COLOR CONFINEMENT
The new interpretation of quantum mechanics yields an explanation for color confinement. But the new law that is used to get it seems not appropriate here. Did I put the right puzzle pieces in the wrong way?
9 PREVIOUS ATTEMPTS IN COLORSHIFT
Mind colorshift is abandoned now
1 PREVIOUS ATTEMPTS IN COLORSHIFT
2 THE PROPAGATION OF THE VIRTUAL GLUON - COLORSHIFT INTERPRETATION
3 PROPAGATION OF THE VIRTUAL GLUON - STARTREK INTERPRETATION
4 THE PROPAGATION OF THE VIRTUAL GLUON - LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE
5 THE PROPAGATION OF THE VIRTUAL GLUON - GLUONS MEETING
6 36 POSSIBLE GLUONS IN THE COLORSHIFT INTERPRETATION
1 EXPERIMENTS ON APPROACHING MASSES
2 HERE I AM not yet available
3 THE FREE FALLING SYSTEM
4 THE FREE FALLING SYSTEM - PART 2
A theory of gravitation. The vacuum is proposed as a liquid that drags along with it all matter floating in it. This dragging is the force of gravity, and the acceleration of expansion of the universe as well.
2 EXPERIMENTS ON APPROACHING MASSES
3 THE HIGGS FIELD - PART 1
The vacuum is proposed as a liquid bose condensate. If a tiny amount of space disappears along with mass absorption from the Higgs field and if
a velocity can be put in a box, then the Newton law of gravitation follows directly, except for the constant. The GR equations are right, but the curvature is an optical illusion. Rearranging of vacuum marbles always returns to flat Minkowski space. Is this principle a candidate for the observed ZERO OVERALL CURVATURE of space?
4 THE HIGGS FIELD - PART 2
5 THE HIGGS FIELD - PART 3
6 THE BIG BANG - updated August 2021
7 THE ELEMENTS OF THE WAVEFUNCTION
Every wavefunction consists of an infinite set of elements. A coupling is presented as a different, indistinguishable choice out of the same sets of elements. But a supply from the Higgs field is needed.
The structure of the vacuum.
1 THE HIGGS FIELD - PART 1
2 COLORED VACUUM MARBLES AS QUATERNIONS
The vacuum marbles are filled in with gluons. Colors are quaternion units. The vacuum consists of color pairs ( i -i ), ( j -j ), ( k -k ), ( 1 1 ). Backward time evolving vacuum consists of ( i -i ), ( j -j ), ( k -k ), ( -1 -1 ). The essence of time is in the hadronic vacuum.
3 THE HIGGS MECHANISM
Sole color cannot be given mass. Two gluons of opposite sign do not react. If you have two Pauli matrices in multiplication, then changing multiplication order is the same as changing multiplication rules (from bright to dark, or from dark to bright). The mass of the color -1 state.
4 LEPTONS AS HADRONS - updated April 2022
When the colors of the quarks in the hadrons are i, j and k, then there should be white and black quarks too, quarks with color 1 and -1 (quaternion 1 and -1). This page identifies the white and black quark with respectively the positron and the electron. Yes, the electron is the colorless black anti-quark while the positron is the white colorless quark then. That fits the best.
5 VACUUM STABILITY - updated August 2021
6 MISCELLANEOUS - updated August 2021
7 PREVIOUS ATTEMPTS - updated August 2021
Backward time evolving dark antimatter galaxies cause the expansion of the universe.
1 A FILMPLAY IN REVERSED TIME DIRECTION - GRAVITATION
2 DARK MECHANICS
A first effort to formulate the laws of dark mechanics, ruling backward time evolving matter. Backward time evolving matter as candidate for the DARK ENERGY. Black glueballs as candidate for DARK MATTER - in quaternions only. The photon proposed as an electron and a positron, massless coinciding.
3 WHO DID IT?
A huge matter-antimatter explosion is candidate for the BIG BANG. A small excess of antimatter over matter is candidate for the observed ACCELERATED EXPANSION of the universe.
4 THE BIG BANG - updated August 2021
5 THE BARYON NUMBER AND LEPTON NUMBER OF A BLACK HOLE
6 OLBERS PARADOX SOLVED - updated December 2022
When taking into account the speed of light is finite and the lifespan of stars is finite, the paradox is solved. When one regards the light of stars as a photon bath the paradox is solved again.
The past is fixed and your destiny is set. But seldom is realised every event that had ever happened is still happening and every event that will ever happen is already happening there, somewhere along the 4th dimension.
1 THE OBSERVER
5 NO PAST. NO FUTURE.
6 THE ESSENCE OF TIME
8 DERIVING SR FROM QM - updated April 2022
9 INFINITE LONG WAVES, EQUAL EVERYWHERE AND FOREVER THE SAME
10 THE DIMENSIONS OF THE PHOTON
11 CHANGING THE LINKS BETWEEN LOCAL ENVIRONMENTS
12 QUATERNIONS IN SR AND THE THEOREM OF PYTHAGORAS
1 DIMENSIONS BY CONSTRUCTION - updated February 2022
2 MISSING VACUUMS, MISSING DIMENSIONS - updated November 2020
3 THE DIMENSIONS OF THE PHOTON
4 INDISTINGUISHABLE VACUUMS
If more-dimensional spaces, highly curved spaces and expanding spaces yield identical observations of the matter they contain, then those spaces are indistinguishable and will go in superposition.
5 WHAT IS A COUPLING?
1 MEETING THE ALIEN
2 TIME TRAVEL INCONSISTENCIES
THE FIELD OF ALL POSSIBLE VELOCITIES
THE FIELD OF ALL POSSIBLE FREQUENCIES
THE RADIUS OF THE HIGGS BOSON
ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND THEIR COUPLINGS ( png )
LEARN TO WORK WITH QUATERNIONS ( xls )
BARYON COLLISION ( xls )
QUATERNION UNITS AS PAULI MATRICES
TABLE GLUONS AS QUATERNIONS
LONG TERM UNFINISHED AND REVISE
One can report incorrect representations. Push the Prt Scr button on your keyboard and do CTRL-V in a program like Paint or Word. Save the picture and send it to me.
1 CAN AN INFINITE AMOUNT OF INFORMATION BE STORED IN ONE SINGLE FINIT NUMBER?
In earlier times FRITS JONKER wrote this inspiring piece on data-compression by prime numbers (despite its low base on math). In remembrance to Jan Sloot, who invented a compression technique, kept it a secret and then died, there is a last secret page at the end of the series. There is a hidden number giving access to an empty page. Select the page and read.
2 THE SURFACE OF THE SPHERE
The surface of the sphere derived in simple steps only. Geometry as it is meant to be.
3 WHY THE FOUR DIMENSIONAL SPACE IS THE MOST BEAUTIFUL OF ALL SPACES: QUATERNIONS
A nice acquaintance with quaternions, a compelling story by Vincent van der Noort
Pop-up frame with the most basic quaternion calculation rules.
1 SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST COMBINATION
The general theorem of evolution, struggle for live and survival of the fittest, has a general extension, leading to an ecology.
2 SOME REMARKS ABOUT EVOLUTION
3 A STRANGE PHENOMENON
4 AN ALGORITHM FOR COPYING A BRAIN PART
When nanogrids can enter a brain cell without disturbing its function, we cross a threshold. A view on the future of humanity.
1 A BRAIN PART COPYING PROCEDURE
2 THE MEMORY AND NEW ORGANS
3 THE BRAIN OF YOUR PARTNER AND MONEY
4 YOUR GROUP
5 CRIME AND DEFENSE
6 WHEN THE NANOROBOT SIMULATES THE CELL IT IS IN & OPEN END AXONS
7 CONSCIOUSNESS AND NEW SPECIES - updated May 2022
Electricity conducting magnetic dust forms a floating circle, a floating ring. The magnetic field of a current running through the circle is used to push ions to one side of the stalk.
1 IONS PUSHED TO ONE SIDE OF THE STALK- updated Januari 2023
2 A BOL AS CIRCLECURRENT- updated Januari 2023
3 BOL’S IN VERTICAL MOTION - THE LORENTZ FORCE- updated Januari 2023
4 BOL’S IN VERTICAL MOTION - PART 2- updated Januari 2023
5 THE SUPERBOL AND ALTERNATING CURRENTS- updated Januari 2023
6 HORIZONTAL MOTION- updated Januari 2023
7 EXPERIMENTS- updated Januari 2023
8 THE EARTHCURRENT- updated Januari 2023
9 THE EARTHCURRENT - PART 2
10 MAGNETIC DUST
11 BOL’S OF MAGNETIC DUST
12 THE FRACTAL BOL
13 MAGNETIC DUST SUCKED IN AND SPRAYED OUT
14 THE END
Spread over this site there are few other remarks on biology.
There is one about life in page 6 of FORWARD BACKWARD TIME DIRECTION.
1 SOME HISTORY ABOUT FRIENDS IN PHYSICS
3 MY PAINTINGS
A row of pages is called a storyline. In this contents the names of the storylines are in bold green.
Buttons of one storyline (above each page) have same color and navigate along that line.
A page where two rows of buttons appear is an intersection point of those two storylines.
Intersection points have blue chapter numbers in the Leandra Physics Contents.