Formerly Physics Leandra

at physicsleandra.com

**THE BLACK DOT ALWAYS RETURNS TO THE CONTENTS **

FLAMES INDICATE A HIGHLIGHT OF THIS SITE
*This site is like a castle that began small and then in the course of time new halls and towers, annexes and break-throughs were build onto it, finally resulting in a castle just as beautiful as confusing. Now there is TONE, a tour through most of the highlights. There is a big story behind the highlights. In fact I developed a TOE, a Theory Of Everything. But since some questions remained, I call it a TONE, a Theory Of Nearly Everything - June 2017.
Severe reconstruction works are ongoing for all pages to meet HTML5 and CSS3 requirements on PC, tablet and smartphone. Some pages and paragraphs will be reordered. An adapted page is recognizable by the two horizontal light-yellow bars - September 2021.*

TONE.pdf

This is the text I offer to magazines and physicist.

TONE.html

This is the same text, but now provided with the links to the original texts in this website.

*October 2020, Mayor update in TONE: GR entirely valid in TONE. Except for light rays, light does not gravitate. Read paragraph 1.3 General Relativity. Also in TONE.pdf.*

*November 2020, another update in TONE: some remarks about SU(2), Pauli matrices and quaternions. Read paragraph 3.4 Quaternion Units as Product of Pauli Matrices, just below (3.4.8)*

The story

and The story part 2

contrive an interpretation of quantum mechanics that is the basis of this site. Nice to read.

3 INFINITE LONG WAVES, EQUAL EVERYWHERE AND FOREVER THE SAME

4 ENVIRONMENT-INDUCED DECOHERENCE - updated December 2020

With the Escape of the SchrĂ¶dinger Cat

For people unfamiliar with the approach of this site, after The Story

and The Story part 2

these Experiments

are the best introduction to the new interpretation of quantum mechanics used all over this site.

EXPERIMENT 1 - THE EPR EXPERIMENT- updated December 2020

This experiment shows clearly why my choice has fallen on a many world interpretation of quantum mechanics.

EXPERIMENT 2 - THE INVERSE SQUARE FORCE LAW

The first half of this page gives the resemblances and differences of the interpretation with the Hugh Everett universe. A new interpretation of the inverse square law is suggested: *The electric force is reciprocal to the number of worlds in interference.*

The second half of the page (starting from There is one more peculiarity to view

) describes the propagation of the virtual photon when it meets and subsequently passes by an electric charge, taking into account spin. Not mentioned in TONE.

EXPERIMENT 3 - THE HEMISPHERE SHIELD

Experiment 4, an experiment that is meant to show the new interpretation is true. But it ends in a riddle. Also in the old interpretation, as far as I can see. Not a page to start with.

Backward evolving time is worked out here. The first page is too wild, the second too classic.

1 A FILMPLAY IN REVERSED TIME DIRECTION

2 A FILMPLAY IN REVERSED TIME DIRECTION - THE CLASSICAL VIEW

3 A FILMPLAY IN REVERSED TIME DIRECTION - GRAVITATION

The mechanism of gravitation in backward-time direction. Argue the arrow of time is in gravity, starts from item 9 and 10. From item 11 the discussion picks up speed. Item 15 introduces backward-time evolving dark antimatter as a candidate causing *Dark Energy*.

8 MEETING BETWEEN A BRIGHT AND A DARK PERSON

1 A FILMPLAY IN REVERSED TIME DIRECTION - GRAVITATION

4 ERASING THE PHOTONâ€™S TRAVELLING INFORMATION

5 CHANGING THE LINKS BETWEEN LOCAL ENVIRONMENTS

6 ACTING ON A PHOTON WITHOUT DESTROYING IT IN QED

8 POSSIBLE PASTS JOINING THE SUPERPOSITION

9 A TRIP TO MASSIVE PARTICLES AND GRAVITATION SPOILING THE SUPERPOSITION

10 POSSIBLE PASTS AND FUTURES JOINING THE SUPERPOSITION

Your past, your present and your future fit to each other. The present is. If you succeed to change your future destiny you will have changed your past too.

12 LOGICALLY CONTRADICTING PARTS ARE ALLOWED

When you imagine an alien as real as can be, will the arisen perception - if existable - go in superposition with the real thing? Prepare to meet the alien.

14 AN ALGORITHM FOR COPYING A BRAIN PART

When this comes to existence, the world has just begun. A view on the future of humanity.

I worked for decades on the electric force that is left over when an equal number of positive and negative electric charges is assembled to a convenient mix. The mix is a stable configuration. The force that is left over, is weaker than the electric force and is always attracting. I thought I found the origin of gravitation. This storyline is a remembrance to my younger years and a tribute to my efforts.

1 COUNTING INTERACTIONS IN ELECTRICALLY NEUTRAL MULTIPOLES

4 ALL POSSIBLE LAWS BETWEEN 3 KIND OF CHARGES to translate

Starting out as a previous attemtpt (pages 1, 2 and 3), it ends with an actual page (4).

1 CAN WORLDS IN SUPERPOSITION SEE EACH OTHER?

2 DO THE CHARGES OF THE VACUUM REACT WITH EACH OTHER?

One of the first results for QED that the new interpretation of quantum mechanics made clear, was the virtual electric charges of the vacuum do not see each other. This was not new in physics, but it was new to me.

3 DO THE CHARGES OF THE VACUUM REACT WITH EACH OTHER? - PART TWO

4 THE ELECTRON-POSITRON PHOTON HIGGS FIELD

There is no remnant force between the virtual particles in QED. The search is terminated. Instead at this page is proposed a foundation on the Higgs field that prof. G. 't Hooft et al. so desperately needs in their renormalization theories. The photon is composed of an electron and a positron massless coinciding. The lepton vacuum is a Bose condensate of photons, yielding its own kind of gravitational field. Photons can be emitted in pairs.

The search for a netforce is in fact a previous attempt

.

1 COUNTING INTERACTIONS IN ELECTRICALLY NEUTRAL MULTIPOLES

3 DO THE CHARGES OF THE VACUUM REACT WITH EACH OTHER?

4 THE FORCES AND PARTICLES OF THE VIRTUAL SEA

5 IS THERE A NET FORCE IN COLOR COLLECTIVES? - updated November 2020

A recipe for a better QCD and a primitive attempt to a color net force.

In this storyline colors are replaced by quaternions.

3 THREE COLORS APPLIED TOGETHER

The color product end state of red, green and blue, and also of cyan, magenta and yellow, equals +1 (white) or -1 (black), both are colorless states. The color sum end state of red, green and blue, and also of cyan, magenta and yellow, equals zero. Multiplication order is not to be interpreted as time order of occurrence. Quarks with color i and j can swap color but one of the colors changes sign. Glu3ons are massive and have range. Is this mechanism candidate for the next generation?

7 QUATERNION APPLICATIONS - PART 2

8 QUATERNION APPLICATIONS - PART 3

9 QUATERNION MATRICES AND THE MAPPING ON SU(3)

In this page quaternions are replaced by 2x2 matrices. It turns out the product of 2 Pauli matrices always yields a quaternion unit. Dark multiplication rules.

Mind colorshift is abandoned now

3 TWO GLUONS EMITTED SIMULTANEOUSLY

Eight independent gluons reduced to six independent fields by means of the so-called *color-shift*. The last paragraph treats mesons and introduces colorshift 1/6. But the colorshift approach is abandoned, colors are replaced by quaternions now. In quaternions *black glueballs* are a candidate for dark matter.

4 THREE GLUONS EMITTED SIMULTANEOUSLY out of use

5 SOME PROPERTIES OF THE STRONG NUCLEAR FORCE

When particles absorb mass from the Higgs field and antiparticles *emit* to the Higgs field, a gluon can consist of two quarks, massless coinciding. The vacuum can be made of spin 0 gluons directly. Colored spin 1 gluons can originate from 4 quarks all within their time borders. Colored gluons appear in pairs. The typical strong force reaction time is calculated to be about 0.5 * 10^-24 s. Gluon-gluon coupling times are unimportant, they take no time at all from our spacetime. Color follows closed paths.

6 MORE POSSIBILITIES to revise

Bound states of gluons. Three gluons merge easier than two.

8 DO LARGER NUMBERS OF N COUNT?

9 DO GLUONS REALLY ORBIT EACH OTHER? to revise

The new interpretation of quantum mechanics yields a perfect explanation for color confinement. But the new law that is used to get it seems not appropriate here. Did I put the right puzzle pieces in the wrong way?

11 THE PROPAGATION OF THE VIRTUAL GLUON - COLORSHIFT INTERPRETATION to revise

12 PROPAGATION OF THE VIRTUAL GLUON - STARTREK INTERPRETATION to revise

13 THE PROPAGATION OF THE VIRTUAL GLUON - LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE to revise

14 THE PROPAGATION OF THE VIRTUAL GLUON - GLUONS MEETING to revise

15 36 POSSIBLE GLUONS IN THE COLORSHIFT INTERPRETATION to revise

And some history about friends I had in physics

16 IS THERE A NET FORCE IN COLOR COLLECTIVES? - updated November 2020

GlueNballs of higher N must superpose to gravitation. And a recipe for a better QCD.

1 EXPERIMENTS ON APPROACHING MASSES

2 HERE I AM not yet available

4 THE FREE FALLING SYSTEM - PART 2

A theory of gravitation. The vacuum is proposed as a liquid that drags along with it all matter floating in it. This dragging is the force of gravity, and the acceleration of expansion of the universe as well.

2 EXPERIMENTS ON APPROACHING MASSES

The vacuum is proposed as a liquid bose condensate. If a tiny amount of space disappears along with mass absorption from the Higgs field and if “a velocity can be put in a box”, then the Newton law of gravitation follows directly, except for the constant. The GR equations are right, but the curvature is an optical illusion. Rearranging of vacuum marbles always returns to flat Minkowski space. Is this principle a candidate for the observed **ZERO OVERALL CURVATURE** of space?

6 THE BIG BANG - updated August 2021

7 THE ELEMENTS OF THE WAVEFUNCTION

Every wavefunction consists of an infinite set of *elements*. A coupling is presented as a different, indistinguishable choice out of the same sets of elements. But a supply from the Higgs field is needed.

The structure of the vacuum.

2 COLORED VACUUM MARBLES AS QUATERNIONS

The vacuum marbles are filled in with gluons. Colors are quaternion units. The vacuum consists of color pairs ( i -i ), ( j -j ), ( k -k ), ( 1 1 ). Backward time evolving vacuum consists of ( i -i ), ( j -j ), ( k -k ), ( -1 -1 ). The essence of time is in the hadronic vacuum.

Sole color cannot be given mass. Two gluons of opposite sign do not react. If you have two Pauli matrices in multiplication, then changing multiplication order is the same as changing multiplication rules (from bright to dark, or from dark to bright). The mass of the color -1 state.

4 LEPTONS AS HADRONS - updated August 2021

7 VACUUM STABILITY - updated August 2021

5 MISCELLANEOUS - updated August 2021

6 PREVIOUS ATTEMPTS - updated August 2021

Backward time evolving dark antimatter galaxies cause the expansion of the universe.

1 A FILMPLAY IN REVERSED TIME DIRECTION - GRAVITATION

A first effort to formulate the laws of dark mechanics, ruling backward time evolving matter. Backward time evolving matter as candidate for the **DARK ENERGY**. *Black glueballs* as candidate for **DARK MATTER** - in quaternions only. The photon proposed as an electron and a positron, massless coinciding.

A huge matter-antimatter explosion is candidate for the **BIG BANG**. A small excess of antimatter over matter is candidate for the observed **ACCELERATED EXPANSION** of the universe.

4 THE BIG BANG - updated August 2021

**5** THE BARYON NUMBER AND LEPTON NUMBER OF A BLACK HOLE

**6** OLBERS PARADOX SOLVED - updated September 2021

When one regards the light of stars as a photon bath the paradox is solved. When taking into account the speed of light is finite and the lifespan of stars is finite, the paradox is solved again. Then the paradox is revived.

The past is fixed and your destiny is set. But seldom is realised every event that had ever happened is still happening and every event that will ever happen is already happening there, somewhere along the 4th dimension.

9 INFINITE LONG WAVES, EQUAL EVERYWHERE AND FOREVER THE SAME

10 THE DIMENSIONS OF THE PHOTON

11 CHANGING THE LINKS BETWEEN LOCAL ENVIRONMENTS

12 QUATERNIONS IN SR AND THE THEOREM OF PYTHAGORAS

1 DIMENSIONS BY CONSTRUCTION - to investigate

2 MISSING VACUUMS, MISSING DIMENSIONS - updated November 2020

3 THE DIMENSIONS OF THE PHOTON

If more-dimensional spaces, highly curved spaces and expanding spaces yield identical observations of the matter they contain, then those spaces are indistinguishable and will go in superposition.

THE FIELD OF ALL POSSIBLE VELOCITIES

THE FIELD OF ALL POSSIBLE FREQUENCIES

ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND THEIR COUPLINGS ( png )

LEARN TO WORK WITH QUATERNIONS ( xls )

QUATERNION UNITS AS PAULI MATRICES

LONG TERM UNFINISHED AND REVISE

One can report incorrect representations. Push the *Prt Scr* button on your keyboard and do CTRL-V in a program like Paint or Word. Save the picture and send it to me.

1 CAN AN INFINITE AMOUNT OF INFORMATION BE STORED IN ONE SINGLE FINIT NUMBER?

In earlier times FRITS JONKER wrote this inspiring piece on data-compression by prime numbers (despite its low base on math). In remembrance to Jan Sloot, who invented a compression technique, kept it a secret and then died, there is a last secret page at the end of the series. There is a hidden number giving access to an empty page. *Select* the page and read.

The surface of the sphere derived in simple steps only. Geometry as it is meant to be.

3 WHY THE FOUR DIMENSIONAL SPACE IS THE MOST BEAUTIFUL OF ALL SPACES: QUATERNIONS

A nice acquaintance with quaternions, a compelling story by Vincent van der Noort

Pop-up frame with the most basic quaternion calculation rules.

1 SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST COMBINATION

The general theorem of evolution, struggle for live and survival of the fittest, has a general extension, leading to an ecology.

2 SOME REMARKS ABOUT EVOLUTION

When *nanogrids* can enter a brain cell without disturbing its function, we cross a threshold. A view on the future of humanity.

1 A BRAIN PART COPYING PROCEDURE

3 THE BRAIN OF YOUR PARTNER AND MONEY

6 WHEN THE NANOROBOT SIMULATES THE CELL IT IS IN & OPEN END AXONS

7 CONSCIOUSNESS AND NEW SPECIES

Electricity conducting magnetic dust forms a floating circle, a floating ring. The magnetic field of a current running through the circle is used to push ions to one side of the stalk.

1 IONS PUSHED TO ONE SIDE OF THE STALK

3 BOL’S IN VERTICAL MOTION - THE LORENTZ FORCE

4 BOL’S IN VERTICAL MOTION - PART 2

5 THE SUPERBOL AND ALTERNATING CURRENTS

13 MAGNETIC DUST SUCKED IN AND SPRAYED OUT

Spread over this site there are few other remarks on biology.

There is one about life in page 6 of FORWARD BACKWARD TIME DIRECTION.

A row of pages is called a *storyline*.

Buttons of one storyline have same color and navigate along that line.

A page where two rows of buttons appear is an intersection point of those two storylines.

Intersection points have blue chapter numbers in the Leandra Physics Contents.

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