CROPCIRCLES BY EM FIELDS

1.   IONS PUSHED TO ONE SIDE OF THE STALK

2.   A BOL AS CIRCLE CURRENT

3.   BOL'S IN VERTICAL MOTION - THE LORENTZ FORCE

4.   BOL'S IN VERTICAL MOTION - PART 2

5.   THE SUPERBOL AND ALTERNATING CURRENTS

6.   HORIZONTAL MOTION

7.   EXPERIMENTS

8.   THE EARTHCURRENT

9.   THE EARTHCURRENT - PART 2

10.  MAGNETIC DUST

11.  BOL's OF MAGNETIC DUST

12.  THE FRACTAL BOL

13.  MAGNETIC DUST SUCKED IN AND SPRAYED OUT

14.  THE END

Suppose, we have an electric charge and a magnetic field. Everywhere the charge moves there is one magnetic field line going right through it. That line has a direction - the direction of the magnetic field - and the nearby surrounding of the charge has a magnetic field line density - the strength of the magnetic field.

If the charge moves along a magnetic field line then it does not accelerate or decelerate as result of the magnetic field line, nor does it change direction. It feels no force. It moves in a straight line with constant speed as long as its path lays along the magnetic field line.

If the charge moves perpendicular to a magnetic field line then the charge moves in a circle, but its speed doesn't change. The circle is smaller when the magnetic field line density is larger and thus the field is stronger, but the speed still doesn't change.

At arbitrary velocity the electric charge has a velocity component along the magnetic field line where the electric charge is residing on, and a component perpendicular to that. The velocity component along the line maintains to be a constant speed and does not change direction. The perpendicular velocity component is a constant speed too but urges the electric charge to move in a circle. As a consequence the charge moves with constant speed in a spiral around a bundle magnetic field lines, see fig. 12.1. When the lines come closer to each other the field is stronger and the circle the charge traces becomes smaller. When the lines diverge again the circle the charge traces becomes wider again. As if it want to keep a constant number of magnetic field lines enveloped within the circle it traces.

Fig. 12.1

When we have a row of charges at same initial speed at the beginning of some path through the magnetic field, their velocity keeps constant. They would trace the same path while maintaining constant mutual distance. This is an electric current.

Currents run through a conductor. In doing so they can keep electric neutrality, the electric net force being zero. Let's describe the inside of a BoL. So far we met two things as conductor: ionized tubes of air, or strings of electricity conducting magnetic dust particles.

The dust particles tend to lay itself along magnetic field lines. It is a beautiful agent to embody magnetic field lines as electricity conducting wires.

But here the electric particles encircle the magnetic field lines. In the free-floating electric charge example described so far, the only conductor left is the tubes. But it is unlikely tubes laying precisely there where the particles would like to go in their free flight - unless all of the air there is ionized. We can state the inside to be ionized, however I not directly see how that may come to be yet.

Don't expect high voltages or big current strengths. I more think about a heap of charge appearing somewhere in the BoL, the mutual repulsion pushes them apart and they are launched into the magnetic field. There the charges in fact are free floating. Provided identical launch speed and direction, and sufficiently identical launch position, they would follow identical path through the magnetic field. They form a current.

Fig. 12.2

In fig. 12.2 we see currents spiraling around the circular magnetic field lines of the circlecurrent. The circlecurrent has magnetic field called A. The part in the black oval resembles fig 12.1. The spiral currents have their own magnetic field B. When the spiral currents are strong enough (consisting of enough particles) then small amounts of charged new particles can spiral around the bundles of magnetic field B. They form a current too. And so on. This is the fractal BoL.

These are free floating currents through ionized air encircling bundles of magnetic field lines.

Now another approach. Imagine the circle of the circlecurrent consists of conducting magnetic dust. Thereafter some of the lines of the circlecurrent's magnetic field becomes embodied by magnetic dust too. After a while there are coherent and complete circles of magnetic dust around the circlecurrent. By induction these circles soon conduct electric current. This current has a magnetic field too. The lines of this new field soon are embodied by magnetic dust, soon thereafter conducting electricity. Around which a still smaller magnetic field forms - and so on. A fractal BoL again.

As far as I can see, these two kinds of fractal BoL I described so far, are the same. The described tubes-one coincides completely with parts of the described magnetic dust BoL. It are the same currents running, or nearly the same currents. Most probably it is of minor importance whether the currents are running through a pile of circles or through one single spiral in stead of the pile. That resembles each other; with a little friction a stack of circles can change itself into one spiral (or two or more intertwined spirals?).

A fractaled BoL, substantially embodied by magnetic dust, may look like a metal solid body, round and structured like a craft, a flying saucer or UFO. Not too much dust of course, for the BoL would crash then under its own weight.

Mark in this picture so far we used the magnetic fields solely to strengthen the wires the dust forms. The acting magnetic fields in space then are delivered solely by the electric currents running through the wires.

The earthcurrents invading the air vertically, do not trace vertical magnetic field lines - such lines are not there. Therefore the vertical columns of the earthcurrents are not embodied by magnetic dust.

So it is expected the forces of the currents running through wires of magnetic dust in the BoL do not counteract each other too much. In fact, the charges would have traced the same paths anyway when free floating through the ionized air. Fractal BoL's might be stable.

They all need AC, alternating current; the Ordinary BoL to transmit current from the earthstream to the circlecurrent, to maintain its existence; and the SuperBoL for its coherence and for induction. The Fractal BoL needs alternating currents to transfer current by induction to its smaller parts and the effects of alternating currents on its stability are unknown...

Through the hart of every BoL runs an earthcurrent. A pulsed earthcurrent. We have to add the effect of the earthcurrent's magnetic field on the currents in the fractal BoL. This really is something for an simulation program.

Fractal BoL's - quite something to be!