#

Epilogue

TONE is ready. Everything is in it now: gravitation, the structure of the vacuum, the accelerated expansion of the universe, Dark Matter and Dark Energy, all elementary particles of the Standard Model fit neatly in the nuclear-colors-as-quaternion-units system, the three generations and three Higgs fields.

- All places of the quaternion unit system are neatly filled in with a particle of the Standard Model. All particles of the Standard Model found their place in the quaternion unit system.

- The unification of GR (General Relativity) with QM (Quantum Mechanics) is that GR is completely valid while the background grid relative to which QM works, remains flat.

- The antimatter in our universe, created at the Big Bang as much as ordinary matter, is set equal to the Dark Energy that causes the accelerated expansion of the universe.

- The black glueball is my one and only candidate for the Dark Matter.

- The three generations of elementary particles are caused by three different Higgs fields.

- The vacuum is the three Higgs fields. One of the fields is set equal to the inverse of the gravitational field.

- If you have followed all the wipes carefully (the wipes from the list of elementary particles) you might have noticed that if they all come true, this leaves the quark as the only elementary particle existing. And that includes the vacuum structure, the structure of space and time itself. Mind, a particle resembling W+ W- is mentioned only in Four quarks in the shell

at Mark the = pairs in the 3rd and 4th scheme are interesting. A candidate for Z is at e, mu, tau e, mu, tau

at the end of page 5 of QG.

I used to work the first two hours of each day on physics at my website leandraphysics dot nl (formerly physicsleandra dot com). When I got some ideas I work them out this way in a couple of months. Then always a pause occurred, sometimes short, often longer.

I remember having worked a period that never has been that long before. Thereafter was the pause but it was shorter than usual. Then ideas of chapter 4 came, Quaternion Gravitation. For about two months things developed well but I start longing for the next pause. Then I got headaches and could not concentrate anymore and I knew I had to stop.

That was in 2016-2017. After a few months I started assembling the TONE document as one single large .html and .pdf document. Since then I emailed TONE.pdf to over 200 physicists, but no one reacts as regards content.

In May 2023 started another long period of hard work that ended at the end of November 2023. After that the adaption of all my pages (about 200) to HTML5 with CSS3 was finally completed, and TONE.pdf as well as TONE.html have been removed since being no longer updated and being replaced by the storyline TONE. And last but not least it seems all - nearly all - problems in physics were solved, albeit with an overall lack of sufficient calculations.

Now a pause will start. And I wonder if I ever will get to work again, not because I can't but because there is nothing left to think about. Well, that is the feeling at this moment, of course.

Outstanding problems that remained unsolved in this website, sometimes halve-solved, sometimes even remaining out of sight:

1) Is the coupling constant of G (strong force, G from gluon) precisely 1, as assumed all over this website?

2) Can the P coupling constant (from photon, the electromagnetic coupling constant) be derived from the G coupling constant?

3) Why quarks have fractional electric charges?

4) What causes the fine tuning of fundamental constants. When the ratio between W (from Weak) and G would have been a tiny little different then there would have been or no H (hydrogen) or no He (helium).

5) Why there are only and (spin up neutrinos and spin down antineutrinos).

February 2024

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Acknowledgments

Since I was 13 or 14 years old (I was born at 26 June 1956), **Rudolf van Battum** emphasized the existence of a frame of reference that falls along with gravity in such a way that in it no gravity is observed anymore. In my mind I embodied this frame by a system of free falling clocks and I realized the clocks, the frame, the vacuum, has to fall into the Earth from all sides. And more than once I wondered how such a coordinate system would work when vacuum would disappear in the Earth as if it was sucked away by a drain or something. But since I couldn't imagine how such a drain could become, I lost interest time after time until the start of 2011.

I owe much to **Habib Rejaibi** for his 9-lessons course Web Design

in 2006, where I learned to make my own website in html.

I thank **Soofos** for their courses, especially the ones given by **Belinda Kampf**, which allowed me to upgrade my site to HTML5 with CSS3.

I thank **Vincent van der Noort** for his article Why the 4-dimensional space is the most beautiful of all spaces: quaternions

. It was this article that in 2012 made me aware of the existence of quaternions.

Also I thank **Gerald Tros** for his excel-sheet about quaternions, especially the demonstration of his algorithm for quaternion multiplication independent from matrix multiplication (Dec 2013), and for bringing in my attention the Pauli and Gell-Mann matrices.

I thank prof. **P.J.G. Mulders** from VU University, Amsterdam for his advice and patience with a not too well educated person like me (2014, 2016).

Thanks goes to **Rongchao Ma** for his 2017 contact, without whom the Introductions to the chapters of TONE, its Conclusions, Discussions and Epilogue would not have been there.

Last but not least I thank mr. **Bijleveld** for being my only physics school teacher that brought physics in a lovingly and interesting way (1969-1970), **Chris Sijtsma** and **Klaas van Aarsen** for their discussions on physics and once being my friends (1985-1990), and **Janet Ossebaard** for putting the right questions at the right moment (2005). Without her questions my site would never have come to existence.

##

References

Gerard 't Hooft, Gauge Theories of the Forces between Elementary Particles

, Scientific American, June 1980, used for the part starting with When an electron in an atom emits a photon, where the positron is coming from?

and the part Four quarks in the shell

.

Howard Georgi, A unified theory of elementary particles and forces

, Scientific American, April 1980 for my early understanding of quarks, gluons and colors in QCD.

Vincent van der Noort, Waarom de vierdimensionale ruimte de mooiste van alle ruimtes is: quaternionen

(Why the fourdimensional space is the most beautiful of all spaces: quaternions), part of a series of lectures in http://oai.cwi.nl/oai/asset/18770/18770D.pdf (Symmetrie Vakantiecursus 2011 - Cwi)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/special_unitary_group for the matrix of SU(2) and the Gell-Mann matrices.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/quaternion for the matrices of the quaternions.

##

Contact

Albertus P. Kiekens ("Bert")

*Home adres:*

Hygieaplein 25 hs

1076 RP Amsterdam

Netherlands

Phone: 06 1258 1270

email1: albertuspkiekens@gmail.com

email2: physicsleandra@gmail.com

The post delivery to my home address is not reliable and the po box address has turned out to be not reliable either. From 21-11-2023 the po box is no longer available. Please let paper post be accompanied by at least a notification, by email, sms or something the like. A message best can be send through two independent canals.

End of TONE