NET FORCES IN QCD Back to the Contents

   36 possible gluons in the colorshift interpretation

     O  EVISE

The table on the previous page only shows the anti-baryon gluon multiplication table. This is by no means complete. There are 3 colors and 3 anticolors, 6 colors total, making up the colorcircle. For any of these 6 colors in the upper part of a gluon there can be 6 colors in the lower part too: a table of 6 * 6 = 36 possible gluons. In time-symmetric representation.

  white gluons (glue1balls)
  shift +1/6 (vacuum particle)
  baryonic shifts +2/6
  mesonic shifts +3/6
  baryonic shifts -2/6
  shift -1/6 (vacuum particle)

Then the table with a row of these 36 gluons above and a column of 36 gluons aside yield the full 36 * 36 = 1296 possible outcomes for 2 gluons merging. Or if they donít merge, you see all 1296 possible glu2ons.

The twelve +1/6 gl and -1/6 gl (this means: gluons with colorshift +1/6 and -1/6) shown in the table are vacuum particles and donít participate in gluon-gluon reactions. In this site superposed worlds have their own reality experience like you and me in this world. If we have a vacuum, they have one too. If our vacuum consist of a Bose Einstein condensate of 1/6 gluon glue2balls, so are theirs. Otherwise our and their vacuum would be distinguishable (here 1/6 gluons are absorbed or annihilated by the vacuum, there they are not) and then the vacuums do not superpose. The 1/6 gluons may not be used in gluon reactions, even not virtual, in superpositions. This leaves 36 - 12 = 24 gluons available, a square of 24 * 24 = 576 gluon-gluon outcomes.

Not all gluon-gluon outcomes are permitted. When a baryonic shift gluon meets a mesonic shift gluon the result is a gluon of colorshift +3/6 +2/6 = +5/6 = -1/6 times a full turn along the colorcircle and this is forbidden. Likewise +3/6 -2/6 = +1/6 is forbidden too. Mesonic and baryonic colorshift do not go together. Thus a meson cannot merge with a baryon or antibaryon into a 5-quark system; it wonít last. In the table you see there are 12 baryonic shift gluons and 6 mesonic shift gluons, so 6 * 12 = 72 outcomes do not participate, absorbed or annihilated by the vacuum as they are, enlarging respectively reducing space with their volume. We have to deal with 576 - 72 = 504 gluon-gluon reactions.

On the previous page we already found 90 (half of them shown). Precisely the same table with colors instead of anticolors yield another 90 gluon-gluon reactions. 2 * 18 * 6 = 216 are a glueball times an other permitted gluon, and the other way around. The outcome is just that other gluon, glueballs donít shift color. 6 * 6 = 36 glueball-glueball reactions are easy too.

This leaves 504 - 90 - 90 - 216 - 36 = 72 gluons. These are the 6 baryonic shift gluons times the 6 antibaryonic shift gluons, in the table mixed up in the two rows baryonic shifts +1/6 and baryonic shifts -1/6. Plus the other way around yielding exactly the same 36 gluon-gluon pairs. So there are left 36 more-difficult-to-calculate gluon-gluon mergers. Very doable, but on a later time.

Maybe one wonders why in all those pages of this storyline the 1/6 colorshift is not mentioned, as well as the mesonic 3/6 colorshift. That is a long story. It starts as follows.

Some history about friends I had in physics
When I was 6 years old I walked home from school. There was some fuzz about in the street about chimney sweeps. I remember trying to calculate 4 - 6. On school I have had 6 - 4 = 2, and things like 2 + 3 = 3 + 2. I really tried to invert 6 - 4 several times again. It was 4 - 6, I knew, but what then? I remember wondering why this doesnít work, trying to find, but I couldnít figure it out.

My first encounter with science was a book called THE GIANT GOLDEN BOOK OF SCIENCE by Berta Morris Parker. I was 8 years old and in hospital for several month. It had about one or two pages per science: measure of time and size, velocity, distance and temperature. Birds, furry animals, fish, vertebrates, shells, the deep sea, insects, plants, trees, mushrooms, flowers, fruits, vegetables, seeds, our body, the air, water, food, health, rocks, stones, fossils, dinosaurs, vulcanos, glaciers, ice age, caves, valleys, waterfalls, the atmosphere, the sun, the planets, the moon and the stars, weather, clouds, storms, work, machines, magnets, electricity, floating, flying, the future, light, sound, the elements, fire and discoveries. The whole world. I remember keeping the book with me like a bible.

When I was 12 years old I red the book ENERGY by Mitchell Wilson from the Time-Life series. It encompasses all of physics in a story following energy subsequently transforming in all its different shapes. It was one of the first of a long row of adult popular books I red about physics.

I was 13, in my small room I was playing with 4 small flat round magnets on the table in front of the window. I put them together, trying to construct something coherent. I knew south poles repel each other and so do north poles; north and south attract each other. Their interaction surprised me, it didnít work like I expected. I start thinking about it. I started with a square of charges and soon found the argument of the first paragraph of the first page of storyline NETFORCE IN REAL MATTER. In the decade thereafter I piece by piece found all the things of page 1 and 2 of that storyline. The argument for 4 magnets has never been continued.

At second year of secondary school I had my first lessons in physics. The teacher was mr. Bijleveld. He had worked at a nuclear power plant in the north of the country. He gave me the book Biografie der fysica, Biography of Physics, written by George Gamov. The book had warmth, like had Mr. Tompkins in Wonderland. You are going to love physics.

I was 15 years, I remember standing in a train, it was crowded. There it struck me the netforce could be gravity. All matter consists of charges, their remnant force is a lot weaker like gravity is, and both forces were always attractive. I thought I found it.

All my ideas I discussed with Rudolf van Battum, leader of the NVWS Astronomy workgroup at its youth section meetings that I attended from when I was 13 years old. I lived in The Hague then. NVWS stands for Nederlandse Vereniging voor Weer- en Sterrenkunde - Dutch Society for Weather and Astronomy. He was 10 years older than me, a full adult, and knew everything there was to know about gravity and quantum mechanics and everything. I admired him more than I did anyone before or thereafter.

When I found out the short-range electric netforce in neutral charge distributions falls with a high power of the distance - 6 or 7 - while gravity only does with 2th, I shifted from real matter to the virtual particles of the vacuum to find a netforce revealing gravity. In my one-and-a-half year university in 1985-1987, Leiden, Netherlands, I was still searching for it. Two fellow students helped me in a way only friends would do. Klaas van Aarssen wrote the core of a simulation program for particles in PASCAL, the only language I knew. Chris Sijtsma accompanied me to graduate students that might know more about the subject, but in vain: nobody knew. It was Chris who told me about Feynmanís book QED - the strange theory about light and matter.

In 1995 I finished a handwritten summary of all my ideas and all I knew about physics. There exist 9 copies of them, 500 pages in double-sided 71% reduced print in 22 A5-booklets each, all in Dutch.

Ten years later. On Sunday 13th of november 2005 I wrote my first attempt to answer Janet Ossebaardís call about the gap between the quantum mechanical microcosmos and our daily live. It was about spin and while writing came up all things I knew about the subject, and I ran aground, totally mazed-up, and went to bed.

The next day I wrote THE STORY and three days later THE STORY - PART TWO ( page 2 of THE COLLAPSE OF THE WAVEFUNCTION). A new interpretation of quantum mechanics did set off. The Sea of Possibilities. Without Janet this whole site would not have come to existence. It would have been limited to what I wrote in my 500-pages A5-booklets. Plus 3 booklets more, 1 dated March 1999, the 2 others September 2002.

There is not that much difference with usual quantum mechanics, but there is a difference. It was clearer, had a better overview, a lot better than the old way. I began to understand things.

In the first years I didnít realize what I had in hands. At the end of february 2006 I wrote the first version of THE EXPERIMENT (page 4 of EXPERIMENTS ON THE COLLAPSE OF THE WAVEFUNCTION). When I started to learn html, in a course headed by Habib Rejaibi in April and May 2006, I put this in first. Not because it was by any means important but because I had no other thing to bring in available on disk.

In june 2007 in Amsterdam, Hygieaplein, where I lived since the start of the year, it became clear the particles of the vacuum donít see each other. There was no net force, at least not with charges, not in QED. A search of 36 years came to an end.

It must have been somewhere in 2008 that I worked out EXPERIMENT 2. Experiment 4 was there first, then 1 and 3, and at last 2. I remember working on it for 3 days; I think not all in a row. One of those days I really had an off day, slept bad, felt bad, the work progressed very slowly. But it went on pretty good and there I found it, the propagation of the virtual photon when it meets a charge. When a virtual photon hits a virtual charge, the world splits in 4, from which 2 of them merge again, yielding precisely the photon you started with. The other 2 remained there, in a superposition of a double impact, one in spin up direction and the other spin down. That part is the electric force, the attraction as well as the repulsion between electric charges. I still donít know whether this view is right, or new.

It might have been a year later that I set off to investigate color charges with the main goal to see if there is a netforce appearing. Later joined the goal to look for the color version of the propagation of the virtual photon, a virtual gluon meeting a virtual color charge. But things grew so complex! It looked so easy, 3 colors and 3 antiís, how difficult can that be? But it turned out to be a Tower of Hanoi.

I worked on it a full year, maybe two, before I concluded the storyline. I was exhausted. And I had done only the 3 anti-colors of the antibaryon! Everybody does the colors, so I decided to do the anticolors, nicer colors too. Somewhere I kept the note “mesons, still to be done ” but it didnít came true.

At the start of september 2010 my plane flew to Brazil, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, where I stayed for 4 1/2 month, trying to make a life and a living, but both in vain. In early 2011 I was in a cheap hotel in Bolivia, Santa Cruz. I lived for another 2 1/2 month there. All hotels are cheap there but some of them are still cheaper. It must have been March, I was disillusioned, my presence there felt hogwash. There was little to do and I went to bed early. I lay there for hours in the dark, my thoughts meandering nowhere especially. Initiated by articles I found on the internet - in the city block next to mine were 5 internet houses, in my block only 3 - I started to think about physics. The concept of the elements of the wavefunction with its missing elements fell in, in my mind, just like that. The derivation of the Newton gravitation law came in, I saw how an inverse square distance dependence emerged from disappearing space in the center. I realized colorshifts +1/6, -1/6 and +3/6 were missing in the description so far; 8 gluons not reduced to three fields, but six fields instead. As a lightning it struck me that all my ideas about streaming, shrinking space, written down in the 1995 A5-booklets, are not part of Einstein. They were new. I think this state lasted for 4 or 5 days until I was tired and stopped. I had severe diarrhea those days, I was tired quickly.

When my flight took me home, early april 2011, my house was occupied for the next 5 months and I could rent a cottage in Almere, designed and build by the father of one of the families I had been babysitter in years before. He is an architect and had won a prize with it. I daily went to the library, where there was free internet. There I wrote the best part of the pages 1, 3 and 6 of what is now called NEKG, Newton Einstein Kiekens Gravitation. Kiekens, that's me. I added the colorshift 1/6 gluons and the mesons at the end of page 4 of this storyline - use the button line above.

Since then I met a series of new ideas, worked them out and found a number of people that I hope I can call my friends: Vincent van Noort from his article about quaternions and prof. Piet Mulders from the VU university for his willingness to read my concept article “Gluons as Quaternions” and Gerald Tros for his many remarks and his excel sheet about quaternions.

So thatís why the mesonic colorshift 3/6 and the colorshift 1/6 doesnít feature in the other pages of this storyline, as if the 3 antibaryon colors are the only thing existing: cyan, magenta and yellow. Next page concludes this storyline. There is no limit on colors and gluons, one can be occupied by them forever.

Bert Kiekens, december 2015

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Read the
The zeroth page
of this storyline

Read the

Discussion on
time reversed gravitation
starts in item 9 and 10
page 1 of storyline


You can skip number 9
and read it later.

Realiteit 27
It's cosy there

1316 TA Almere

The Netherlands

Summer 2011

Rods span the missing right side
of the house

Like neutrinos.

THE SEA OF POSSIBILITIES: THE DIRECTION OF TIME  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14
NET FORCE IN QED  1  2  3  4  5
NET FORCE  1  2  3  4  5
QUANTUM QUATERNION DYNAMICS  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
NET FORCES IN QCD  0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16
QUATERNION GRAVITATION  1  2  3  4  5  6  7
SPECIAL RELATIVITY  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12
DIMENSIONS  1  2  3  4  5  6  7
TIMETRAVEL  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
EXISTENCE  1  2  3  4  5  6  7
CROPCIRCLES BY ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14
ADDITIONS  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9
MATH  1  2  3
EVOLUTION  1  2  3